How do you define financial statement? Financial statement is a report of a company’s earnings, assets, liabilities, cash flows and income. It gives the financial condition of a company, meaning if it is growing or losing money. It is not hard to read a financial statement, it is only like reading an electricity bill.
Actually, it isn’t difficult. If you know how to read a credit card bill, you can learn to read basic financial statements. Basics are not hard to learn, you only need a bit of patience.
So the question is: Why do you need to study financial statement? A financial statement is a documentation of the company’s financial status or condition. It is very helpful for an investor because it will determine if a company is a good investment or not.
A financial statement will give you the financial information about the company such as its liabilities, earnings, cash flows and assets. It is an important tool to determine if the company is increasing its earnings or losing money and it can be simply understand by the readers. It is a simple report which is usually in tabulated form.
A financial statement can be separated into four parts: income statements, balance sheets, statements of shareholder’s equity and cash flow statement. Income statement shows how the revenue is converted to net income of the company. On the other hand, balance sheets indicates what a company owns or its assets and liabilities in a particular period.
In financial accounting, a cash flow statement, is a financial statement that shows how changes in balance sheet accounts and income affect cash and cash equivalents, and breaks the analysis down to operating, investing, and financing activities. The fourth financial statement, called a statement of shareholders’ equity, shows changes in the interests of the company’s shareholders over time.
In conclusion, a financial statement is a helpful tool to determine if the company is a good company to buy in terms of investing in its stocks. It is the representation of the financial status of the company and the gives the over-all performance made by the company in a particular period.